DEPUTY MINISTRY OF POLICY AND STRATEGY
The Deputy Ministry of Policy and Strategy (DMPS) is responsible for supporting the Minister in the planning and corporate management of the Ministry of Interior and the police. The DMPS provides advice and information to help the Minister direct the police and to hold it accountable.
This DMPS comprises the General Directorate of Strategy (GDS), which handles such areas as strategic planning, reporting, monitoring and control, as well as the General Directorate of Policies (GDP), which is responsible for the development of policies, procedures, and programs. The DMPS works to implement the MoIA’s 10-Year Vision, which describes the desired state of the ANP in 10 years. The 10-year Vision states that: within 10 years the Afghan National Police (ANP) will become a unified, capable, and trustworthy civil police service. Its primary responsibilities will be to: enforce the rule of law; maintain public order and security; detect and combat crime; control borders; protect the rights, assets and freedoms of both Afghans and foreigners in Afghanistan according to national laws; and, operate without ethnic, gender, language or religious discrimination.
The Vision document also specifies the strategic and long-term objectives of the MoIA for the continuing development and professionalization of the ANP, and the degree of institutional restructuring and reform that will be necessary for the improved performance of the MoIA. The vision gives the Afghan public a clear view of the future of the country’s policing. MoIA officials will use the Vision document to further develop their relevant operational and tactical-level objectives, and to develop their operational plans. The 10-Year Vision is based on such legislative and directive documents as the Afghan Constitution, the Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS), and the Afghan Police Law. Suggestions from working groups have also been considered together with higher-level national objectives, present and future security needs of the country, good governance practices, and the expressed priorities of the Afghan people.
The MoIA made considerable progress last year in improving its strategic planning efforts. In February 2014, the Minister approved the Strategic Planning Directive (SPD), which outlines the MoIA’s overall strategic planning process. The process was led by the GDS. The SPD also details the strategic planning and reporting responsibilities of Deputy Ministries and Independent General Directorates including timelines, formats and systems. The Directive helps the MoIA to produce such important planning documents as the National Police Strategy (NPS) and the National Police Plan, which will help the MoIA to implement the NPS. Utilizing the new processes in the SPD, the Deputy Ministry for Policy and Strategy led the development and finalization last year of the five-year National Police Strategy and two-year National Police Plan to begin realization of the 10-year Vision starting in 2014-15 (1393).
National Police Strategy Goals
Stemming from the 10-Year Vision, the NPS establishes the MoIA’s strategic objectives through the upcoming transition period. The NPS outlines 13 strategic goals:
- Provide standard, needs-based training and education.
- Provide equipment appropriate to roles and responsibilities.
- Develop appropriate operational plans and decrease police casualties and attrition.
- Strengthen female presence and capabilities in the MoIA.
- Maintain the Afghan Local Police through transition, and then implement a phased dissolution into the ANP, according to ANP standards.
- Institutionalize reforms and strengthen civilian skills in the MoIA.
- Strengthen community policing and public participation to improve rule of law.
- Combat corruption and strengthen mechanisms for ensuring transparency, and accountability.
- Disarm illegally armed groups.
- Strengthen coordination with justice, judicial, and other governmental organizations.
- Improve human rights observance by the ANP, and human rights conditions in prisons and detention centers.
- Combat organized crime, terrorism and illegal narcotics.
- Improve ANP working and living conditions.
Female Personnel Recruiting Strategy
One of the Ministry’s top priorities is to increase the presence of female personnel at a variety of professional levels. To facilitate this the DMPS developed the Strategy for the Management of the Affairs of ANP Female Personnel, which provides goals for recruitment and inclusion of female personnel in the ANP. Currently, female personnel have active roles at all levels, including participation in high-level decision-making. Last year the position of Director of Women’s Affairs was raised to the rank of General enabling the Director to participate in top leadership meetings. The MoIA’s Deputy Chief of Staff is a woman, as is the Deputy Commander of the Kabul airport border police headquarters. Last year the Minister appointed Afghanistan’s first woman District Chief of Police (to Police District 1 in Kabul).
MoIA Policies Developed in 2013-14 (1392)
The Deputy Ministry of Policy and Strategy developed a number of policy documents in plans and reports in 1392. They include among others:
- Created and distributed 2-year implementation plan in order to achieve the 10-Year Strategic Vision goals.
- Developed ANP tasks policy for the elections.
- Developed policy concerning prevention of violence against women and children in the MoIA and at the Community level.
- Developed ANP Code of Conduct (Behavior) Policy with public.
- Developed specialized tactical planning policy for Counter-Narcotics.
- Developed specialized Reconnaissance& Intelligence policy for DM Counter-Narcotics.
- Developed specialized Training & Education policy for DM Counter-Narcotics.
- Developed health and psychological procedures for prisons and detention centers.
- Developed security procedures for prisons and detention centers.
- Developed policy for improvement of craft skills and provision of occupations and craftsmanship training for prisoners.
- Developed policy for categorizing and investigating prisoners’ cases.
- Developed Afghan Local Police (ALP) Policy.
- Developed ANP task policy for first 72 hours of arrest.
- Developed ANP humanitarian training policy.