The Afghan National Police is part of Afghanistan's Ministry of Interior along with the Criminal Investigation Department, the Police Intelligence Department, the Counter-Narcotics Police of Afghanistan and the Counter Terrorism Department.
With a strength of 122,000 staff, the Afghan National Police serves as the single national law enforcement agency and is made up of:
The Criminal Investigation Department is staffed by 4,200 investigators who work principally in Kabul city in addition to 34 provinces of Afghanistan. They are tasked with investigation, forensic crime scene investigations, crime documentation, and have access to a sophisticated forensic laboratory which they use to assist partner law enforcement agencies throughout Afghanistan.
INTERPOL’s National Central Bureau (NCB) for Afghanistan is under the command of the Ministry of Interior’s Deputy Minister for security affairs.
14 June 2008 - Media release
INTERPOL issues global alert following mass prison escape in Afghanistan
LYON, France – An international alert has been issued by INTERPOL following the escape of nearly 900 prisoners, including convicted terrorists, from a jail in southern Afghanistan. INTERPOL’s National Central Bureau in Kabul confirmed the breakout occurred after an attack was launched on Sarposa, Kandahar’s main jail, on Friday 13 June in which several soldiers were killed and police officers injured. Law enforcement officers in Afghanistan are now compiling full details of the escapees which INTERPOL’s Command and Co-ordination Centre at the General Secretariat in Lyon, France can then circulate to all 186 member countries via I-24/7, INTERPOL’s secure global police communications system. “This attack was clearly well planned and led to the escape of many extremely dangerous criminals and terrorists. The response from law enforcement worldwide will be equally as comprehensive to ensure that these fugitives are captured as swiftly as possible,” said INTERPOL’s Executive Director of Police Services, Jean-Michel Louboutin. “Officers in our Fugitive Investigative Service and Command and Co-ordination Centre are now liaising closely with the National Central Bureau in Kabul to ensure that all identifying information on the escapees, such as photographs and fingerprints, are circulated quickly and securely to law enforcement officers worldwide.” Mr Louboutin also praised the fast provision of information by NCB Kabul following the breakout and their continued efforts to gather and circulate the prisoners’ details to assist in their capture. In 2006, INTERPOL’s General Assembly adopted a resolution underlining the need for member countries to alert the General Secretariat to prison escapes of suspected terrorists and other dangerous criminals.
27 April 2011 - Media release
Inability to share photos, fingerprints and DNA of escaped Afghan terrorists presents global security risk
LYON, France – The escape of hundreds of dangerous prisoners, including members of the Taliban, from an Afghan prison has again exposed a major global security gap - Afghan authorities have not been trained or equipped to take, store and access photographs, fingerprints DNA of dangerous terrorists for sharing internationally, the head of INTERPOL has warned. During the night of 24 April, nearly 480 prisoners were broken out of the Sarposa prison in Kandahar by the Taliban, the same jail which saw the mass escape of nearly 900 inmates in June 2008 and for whom INTERPOL has still not received identifying information for circulation to the global law enforcement community. INTERPOL Secretary General Ronald K. Noble said with countries spending hundreds of billions of dollars every year in Afghanistan, the ongoing failure to train and equip Afghan authorities to collect, store and share basic law enforcement information such as photographs, fingerprints and DNA was ‘an unacceptable gap in global security.’ “It is simply shocking that three years after the largest prison break in Afghanistan history, including of convicted terrorists, there is no data to be shared with law enforcement regionally and globally in the event of an escape,” said Mr Noble. “Until this glaring and serious void in the world’s anti-terror efforts is filled, no country can consider itself secure from criminals and terrorists who are essentially being given the opportunity to travel internationally, elude detection and to engage in future terrorist activity,” warned the INTERPOL Chief. “Once our National Central Bureau in Kabul confirmed the breakout, the INTERPOL General Secretariat headquarters immediately alerted the neighboring countries, but with no strong identifying information, such as photographs, fingerprints or DNA available to law enforcement on the ground, their efforts are significantly hampered,” said Secretary General Noble. “At the G8 Meeting of Justice and Interior Ministers in 2007, I said that any country which fails to take appropriate measures at the national level when dangerous prisoners escape would be harshly criticized and accused of malpractice, and there is no reason why this should be any different at the international level,” concluded the head of the world police body. In 2006, INTERPOL’s General Assembly adopted a resolution underlining the need for member countries to alert the global law enforcement community to prison escapes of suspected terrorists and other dangerous criminals.