Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Ministry of Interior Affairs
Ten-Year Vision for the Afghan National Police: 1392-1402
Direction and Objectives of the Vision
Within ten years the Afghan National Police (ANP) will become a unified, capable, and trustworthy civilian police service. Its primary responsibility will be to enforce the rule of law; maintain public order and security; detect and fight crimes; control borders; protect the rights, assets and freedoms of both Afghans and foreigners in Afghanistan according to national laws; and operate without ethnic, gender, language or religious discrimination. By pursuing the principles and objectives of the peace and reintegration program, which is based on the decisions of the 2-4 June 2010 Consultative Jirga, and creating a lawful society, the ANP will pave the way for sustainable peace and socio- economic development of Afghanistan. It will be a unified and flexible force allowing personnel in the different police pillars of the ANP to transfer from one to the other when necessary, and winning public confidence by the use of community policing approaches to deliver policing services to the people of Afghanistan.
The purpose of this ten-year vision is to describe the status we want the ANP to have achieved in ten years, and to specify both the strategic and long-term objectives of the Ministry of Interior (MoI) for the continuing development of the ANP, and the degree of restructuring that will be necessary for the improved performance of police duties and responsibilities. The vision will give the Afghan public a clear view of the future of policing, and officials of the various MoI departments will be able to use it to determine their relevant operational and tactical- level objectives, and to develop their operational plans.
In order to ensure implementation of this vision within the proposed time, this document will be supported by a series of two-year police plans that will contain the details of the programs and strategies required for achieving this vision. Necessary changes in structures of MOI will be made in accordance, and for realizing, this vision.
The ten-year vision is based on such legislative and directive documents as the Afghan Constitution, National Development Strategy, National Priority Programs, National Security and Inter-ministerial Strategy, and the Afghan Police Law. Suggestions from working groups have also been considered together with higher-level national objectives, the present and future security needs of the country, notions of good governance, and the legitimate wishes of the Afghan people.
Civilian and Community Policing
The civilian policing mentioned in the Chicago Agreement of May 2012, is concerned with traditional policing activities such as enforcing the rule of law, maintaining law and order on the streets and protecting human safety. The police performing these activities could be either in uniform or plain clothes according to the regulations or job specifications of the various police departments. Over the last ten years the police have been used to fight insurgency, which has confused their role and functions. Now the vision of the Ministry of Interior is to return police to the traditional duties they perform under the Afghan Police Law and to cease their participation in combat operations that require heavy weapons.
When the police perform their duties of enforcing the rule of law and maintaining public order in close cooperation with the public and other civil and social agencies, in an effort to achieve stable communities and serve the people, they are engaging in what is called community policing. Community policing is not a separate branch of the ANP but an approach to the delivery of services that all police should understand and use to establish continuous friendly relations with the people and to earn their confidence and support.
At the heart of the concept of community policing is the principle that in Afghanistan, where sovereignty belongs to people according to the article 4 of the constitution, the police should serve the people. By carrying out community policing services, the ANP will earn public trust and confidence and this will be the key to their success while performing their duties, since the public is the best source of intelligence and information about the criminals, insurgents and terrorists. Community policing has therefore become the preferred way around the world to carry out police functions.
Relations with the Public: Policing comes from the people and should serve the people
The ANP will protect the freedom and human rights of all Afghans in accordance with the Constitution, national laws of the country and international conventions to which Afghanistan is a signatory
Complaints units will be available in the capital and provinces to receive and process allegations of mistreatment and violation of human rights by police. These units will perform their duties under the General Inspection Department or the General Department of Gender, Human Rights and Children
Transparency, Accountability and Responsibility
A: Transparency: Transparency emphasizes enforcing laws and regulations in an open way. It facilitates the monitoring and evaluation of police performance and conduct, denotes the openness of the police institution to citizens, demonstrates police integrity in serving the people, opens access to the police for ordinary citizens, and prohibits the release of misinformation or the blocking of public access to the information needed to evaluate police performance and conduct.
The following are indicators of transparency:
B: Accountability: Accountability means being answerable for one’s expected performance, and so it is a strong tool for control. All police personnel should be accountable for their legal authority and duties, and accept the consequences of their actions.
The following are characteristics of an accountable system:
C: Responsibility: means performing one’s duties and taking responsibility for an action.
Responsibility is collective and managers are responsible for the performance of their subordinates. It is different from accountability, which is individual and personnel or staff are accountable for their own actions.
D. Mechanisms for transparency and accountability
Mission of the Afghanistan National Police (ANP)
According to Article 5 of the Afghan Police Law, the ANP shall have the following responsibilities:
Relations with the Justice and Security Sector
Revision of Police-Related Laws
Distinction between Policy and Strategic Responsibilities of the Ministry of Interior from Operational and Executive Responsibilities
Within the next ten years, the policy making responsibilities of the Ministry of Interior will be identified and distinguished from police operational responsibilities. The Interior Minister will have policy directing responsibilities while the Senior Deputy Minister for Security will have responsibilities for the command and control of ANP units and operations under the leadership and guidance of the Interior Minister.
Deputy Ministries and Departments of Policy and Strategy, Support, Administration, Prisons and Detention Centers, Public Services, Inspector General, Office of the Minister will be directly responsible to the Minister of Interior
Policy and Strategic-Level Responsibilities: Minister of Interior
Office of the Minister
Development of Policies and Strategies
Support Services and Systems
A: Support activities:
B: Administrative Activities
Custody and Rehabilitation of prisoners and detainees
Within ten years, all Afghan prisons and detention centers will be equipped with standard facilities equipped with libraries, training and professional workshops for keeping prisoners and detainees
IT and Public Services
Operational Responsibilities: Deputy Minister for Security
The operational responsibilities of the ANP will be led by the Senior Deputy Minister for Security. The functions of Counter-Narcotics, Afghan Public Protection Force and Security State Owned Enterprise (SOE), Afghan Border Police, ANCOP, GDPSU, Anti-Crime Police, Afghan Local Police, Interpol and all other operational police units will report directly to DM Security.
The Responsibilities of the Deputy Minister for Security:
Structure, Command and Control of Forces
Collection and Analysis of Intelligence
The Anti-Crime Police will be available for assistance in all districts of the country, and resources will be allocated to all districts in Afghanistan to ensure that all criminal cases at the district level can be dealt with
General Directorate of Police Special Units (GDPSU)
Afghan National Civil Order Police (ANCOP)
Border security is the backup for internal security, hence the Afghan Border Police will try their best to protect and ensure security in the border zones; prevent infiltration to national borders of terrorists, criminal gangs, drugs and human traffickers and smugglers of ancient artifacts, and will control human and vehicles traffic across the borders.
Security Services and APPF
Department of disaster management and firefighting
Afghan Local Police
Women in the MoI and ANP
Welfare for Police and their Families
Professional Development and Training
Career Path, Appointment and Promotion
Over the next ten years, the General Department of Health will possess all necessary equipment to be able to respond to preventative and curative health needs of the ANP
Both Afghan society and government are at a critical juncture. Our national institutions, including the Ministry of Interior, are facing tremendous challenges that are likely to continue for years to come. We are undertaking full responsibility for security and institutions from our international partners while continuing to develop our capacities and capabilities. The vision outlined above will not be not easy to achieve. We have to civilianize the ANP with concentration on community policing while we are facing a robust insurgency with safe havens beyond our borders. The ANP may need to remain kinetic, but at the same time they must return to their main civilian policing responsibilities under the Afghan Police Law. By enforcing rule of law, maintaining public order and suppressing crimes, the ANP will facilitate good governance and socio-economic development, which will be the ultimate key to establishing sustainable peace in the country.
In order to achieve this vision, the MOI needs leaders and personnel who are ready to work harder, change their attitudes and practices, be open to new ideas and to relinquish old ways of doing things that are no longer effective. They must take responsibility for increasing their knowledge and understanding of the world around them.
Achieving the vision will also need substantial financial and technical resources that are beyond capacity of the Afghan Government to generate, but we hope our international partners who have supported Afghanistan in the last ten years will continue their financial and technical support through the decade of transformation and facilitate us in achieving this vision
Despite all challenges, with the heartfelt efforts of the MOI and ANP officials, and the commitments of our international partners to support the ANP, I am confident that we can achieve our vision in the proposed time frame.