Biography of the MoIA Deputy Minister of Security

General Abdul Rahman Rahman, Deputy Minister of Security MoIA, was born in Kabul in 1957. He completed his primary and secondary education in Khoshal Khan High School in Kabul and then completed his Bachelor’s Degree in the field of Commissary at National Police Academy of Afghanistan.

From 1976 until now, General Rahman successfully served in the following positions at the MoIA: Commander of Police Special Unit, Kabul Chief of Police, Anti-Crime Task Force, Commander of National Police commando support base, Chief of Staff, Commander of Kabul International Airport, Deputy Director General of Border Police, Director General of Border Police, Kabul Garrison Commander and acting Minister.  

General Rahman has attended a variety of security conferences in the following countries: Italy, Austria, England, United States, China, Tajikistan, Iran and Turkmenistan.

He has received certificates in the following fields of study: anti-terrorism, counterinsurgency, crime detection, ballistic investigation, security management and leadership, border leadership, criminal prosecution, police intelligence and counter-intelligence.

For his accomplishments in the MoIA, General Rahman received eighteen prestigious government awards and citation of excellence from the President.

During the Jihad, General Rahman worked as an information operations officer for the Mujahedeen.  From 1980-1984 he was a political prisoner in Pul-e-Charki jail.
 


DEPUTY MINISTRY OF SECURITY

Under the Minister`s direction, the Deputy Minister of Security is responsible for management of all branches of the police:

  • Uniform Police
  • Border Police
  • Civil Order Police
  • Police Special Units
  • Local Police
  • Traffic Police
  • Natural Disasters and Fire Fighting
  • Criminal Investigation
  • Counter Terrorism
  • Major Crimes Task Force


Uniformed Police
The Afghan Uniformed Police (AUP) is the largest component of the Afghan national police and is responsible for general policing duties under the Police Law. Approximate 73 percent of the country’s 149,000 national police last year were uniformed police. This number, 108,391, comprises 59,392 patrol-level police, 27,452 sergeants, and 21,547 officers.

The AUP is assigned mainly to police stations and checkpoints throughout Afghanistan and is frequently the first-response service when an incident occurs. It is also responsible for running static and mobile checkpoints throughout the country used to maintain security. There is a police headquarters in each of Afghanistan’s 34 provinces, and a police station in each of the country’s 364 districts.

Border Police

Afghanistan’s Border Police (ABP) control entry of people into the country, and prevent hostile incursions. ABP responsibilities include passport and document control at airports and border crossing points and preventing smuggling of weapons, drugs, cultural property, and people (human trafficking). In recent years the ABP have been fighting terrorism in Afghanistan’s border regions and working to prevent insurgents from entering the country.

Afghanistan shares borders with six neighboring countries, requiring the ABP to safeguard the country’s 5,529 kilometer-long border through stations in 86 districts in 19 provinces.
The distance in kilometers of Afghanistan’s shared borders with neighboring countries:

  • Republic of China (76) km
  • Islamic Republic of Pakistan Durand line (2430) km
  • Islamic Republic of Iran (936) km
  • Republic of Turkmenistan (744) km
  • Republic of Uzbekistan (137) km
  • Republic of Tajikistan (1,206) km

The ABP work in coordination with bordering countries in accordance with international law to protect Afghanistan through in six border zones, 15 border crossing points, and five international airports and customs units. They also control and direct immigration crossings. During the year March 2013- March 2014 (1392) the ABP captured an estimated 278 kg heroin, 1,304 kg opium, 3600 kg marijuana, 35 kg morphine, 3040 lt aqua fortis, and 1,029 kg ammonium nitrate.

Installation of passport scanners able to recognize fraudulent passports;

  • Utilization of ultraviolet light V scanning at the border crossing points (BCP) able to detect explosive and other dangerous materials;
  • Establishing biometric teams at the air and land borders to identify criminals attempting cross the border illegally; and,
  • Installation of modern body scanner machines at some airports.

Civil Order Police
The Afghan National Civil Order Police (ANCOP) has a total strength of approximately 15,000 police members organized in seven brigades and 33 battalions across the country. It is a mobile force that can be deployed quickly to any region of the country. The ANCOP are dispatched regularly throughout the country as needed to maintain civil order, and provide crucial support to other police units’ counter-insurgency and counter-narcotics efforts.

Police Special Units
The General Directorate of Police Special Units (GDPSU) combats insurgency, illegal narcotics and organized crime. GDPSU are highly trained police commando forces that perform counter-insurgency strikes against insurgents in high-risk hostile environments. These units work to identify, understand and influence areas of instability throughout the country and to isolate insurgency.

Afghan Local Police
The Afghan Local Police (ALP) is a temporary security force formed to protect those villages and districts most vulnerable to insurgent attacks. Service members of the ALP are recruited from the area they protect, providing a layer of security from those who live in the area and are familiar with it. Recruits to the ALP are selected and vetted by local elders to ensure their trustworthiness. The Independent Directorate of Local Governance (IDLG) also assists in mobilizing qualified people to join the ALP. Training is provided by the Afghan National Army and international military forces, which also support the ALP in the field. In some localities, local Afghan judges and prosecutors have helped train the ALP in the principles of the Afghan Constitution and practices under the rule of law.

The legal powers of the ALP are relatively limited when compared to other organizations within the MoIA. The ALP does not have the authority to arrest people, but can detain individuals and turn them over to the Afghan National Police (ANP) or the Afghan National Army (ANA). The ALP is a "self-defense force" and as such cannot conduct offensive operations unless they are local in nature and in direct response to a local threat to the small geographical area they are charged with protecting. Typically, the ALP do not operate outside of their communities or districts. The commanders of the ALP units report to the District Chiefs of Police.

The activities of the Afghan Local Police include:

  • Protecting the people against the enemies of Afghanistan;
  • Protecting local government institutions and operations;
  • Protecting critical infrastructure;
  • Facilitating reconstruction and development;
  • Disrupting insurgent attacks and activities;
  • Denying insurgents safe havens, and;
  • Assisting in security maintenance.


Traffic Police
The General Directorate of Traffic works to ensure a safe, smooth flow of vehicles in Afghanistan’s cities and on its highways, as well as to manage traffic in accordance with the country’s laws and regulations. Traffic Police ensure compliance with the rules of the road and ensure travel permits, driving licenses and other documents are valid.

Activities of the General Directorate of Traffic include:

  • Enforcing road traffic laws and promoting a law-abiding culture;
  • Regulating traffic flow in cities;
  • Preventing traffic violations;
  • Evaluating and reviewing the Traffic Administration’s staff;
  • Evaluating and analyzing annual traffic incident statistics;
  • Setting up short and long-term training programs for Traffic employees;
  • Coordinating with the Ministry of Public Works on construction of roads;
  • Providing input to the MoIA for how best to uphold and enforce traffic laws in major cities;
  • Planning safe driving programs for implementation, and;
  • Enforcing the ban on import of vehicles manufactured more than 10 years ago.

 

Natural Disasters and Firefighting
The General Directorate of Natural Disasters and Firefighting has the responsibility for: preventing and fighting fires around the country; responding to fire emergencies; drawing plans for and developing strategies to prevent fires; ensuring firefighting tools are available in government and non-government buildings; performing foundational, technical and operative surveys; and taking technical care of all buildings and establishments in case of such natural disasters as earthquakes, avalanches, floods, airplane crashes, and traffic incidents.

In the past 12 years a great number of vehicles and other firefighting equipment have been made operational. Dilapidated facilities and buildings were reconstructed and refurbished, and the administration itself was upgraded from the Directory of Firefighting to the General Directory for Natural Disasters and Firefighting. This General Directory has a branch in each province of the country. Forty-six firefighting teams are active in Afghanistan’s 34 provinces. Collectively they have 1,500 employees. Each team has at least two modern firefighting vehicles and trained operators.

Criminal Investigations
The Criminal Investigation Department (CID) is responsible for the discovery and prevention of crime, and cooperates with the Attorney General’s Office in the investigation of crime. The specialized duties of the CID begin when a crime has been committed, or the police have been notified. CID staff collect information necessary for investigation and prosecution, and for the arrest of suspects.


Other duties of the Department include: analyzing the security and criminal state of the country, examining crime trends, and assessing technical and tactical changes in criminal behavior. The CID focuses on organized crime and other serious criminal activity such as human trafficking, sexual assault, abduction, murder, major financial crimes, corruption, and terrorism.

Counter Terrorism
The Counterterrorism General Directorate is responsible for detection, prevention, avoidance of, and combat against terrorist activities throughout the country.

The Counterterrorism General Directorate has worked over the past several years to establish and strengthen operational networks to detect and combat insurgent activity. Last year, working with other Afghan detective and security agencies, the Directorate followed up on12,925 pieces of political and criminal intelligence that resulted in successful prevention of 2,513 separate incidents.


Major Crimes Task Force
The Major Crimes Task Force coordinates with Afghanistan’s National Directorate of Security, and the country’s judicial organizations.

The main functions of the Major Crimes Task Force are:

  • Identifying and arresting criminal networks;
  • Assisting in prosecuting corruption;
  • Detecting, identifying, and arresting kidnappers and kidnapping network, and;
  • Collecting and authenticating crime evidence and documents for submission to the country’s justice and judicial organizations in order to develop criminal cases.